Pronunciation

The plural –s is pronounced in three ways, /s/, /z/ and /iz/ depending on the previous sound.

Study the following rules:

/s/ The plural is pronounced as /s/ when the words end in:
-p as in lamp - lamps, mop - mops, soap - soaps
-t as in cabinet - cabinets, toilet - toilets, tape - tapes
-k as in book - books, sink -sinks, clock - clocks
/z/ The plural is pronounced as /z/ when the words end in:
-v as in stove - stoves, microwave -microwaves, glove - gloves
-r as in calendar - calendars, dresser - dressers, chair -chairs
-d as in bed - beds, card - cards, whiteboard - whiteboards
-m as in bathroom - bathrooms, album - albums, broom - brooms
-n as in pen - pens, cushion - cushions, garbage can - garbage cans
words ending in vowel sound as in studio - studios, key - keys, piano - pianos.
/iz/ The plural is pronounced as /iz/ when the words en in:
-g as in cage - cages, bandage - bandages, sponge -sponges
-ch as in coach - coaches, bench - benches, watch - watches
-sh as in dish - dishes, brush - brushes
-s as in glass - glasses, dress - dresses, bookcase - bookcases
Pronunciation Books
Pronunciation Clocks
Pronunciation Brooms
Pronunciation Chairs
Pronunciation Bandages
Pronunciation Glasses
Listening practice

Now listen and check into the correct pronunciation sound. Then listen again and repeat.

Ahora escucha y da click en la columna que indique la pronunciación correcta.

/s/
/z/
/iz/
benches
bandages
curtains
dressers
sofas
clocks
faucets
chairs
bookcases
mops

It’s time to apply the rules! Practice what you’ve learned

Writing exercise

Read the following sentences and write the plural words in the correct category according to the ending sound (/s/, /z/, /iz/).

Lee y escucha las siguientes oraciones y escribe el plural de las palabras en la columna correcta de acuerdo a su sonido en plural (/s/, /z/, /iz/).

1. There are two in the hall. (flower pot)

flower pots

2. are for working. (desk)

desks

3. The cups are next to the . (glass)

glasses

4. We need some new . (pillow)

pillows

5. These are very old. (television)

televisions

6. How much are these ? (carpet)

carpets

7. The dishwasher cleans the . (dish)

dishes

8. The fridge, stove and microwave are all kitchen . (appliance)

appliances

9. There are in the bathroom and in the kitchen. (sink)

sinks

10. Some have a bathtub. (bathroom)

bathrooms
You can check your answers when you finish the activity.
Listening practice

Listen to the audio and check your answers.

Escucha el audio y checa tus respuestas.

/s/ /z/ /iz/
flower pots
pillows
glasses
desks
televisions
dishes
carpets
bathrooms appliances
sinks